The title of prince (or prince) of poets is unofficial,but a very honorable title, which was awarded to recognized maestros of poetry. The honor to be called the prince of poets was contested by many world-renowned literary men - after all, this title is already more than 500 years old, and it continues to be considered an honorary award not only in France but also abroad. On the question of which Frenchman was recognized in 1885 as the prince of poets, it is difficult to give an unambiguous answer because this title was not official and was only given to the masters of the poetic genre symbolically.
The title of prince of poets is given for life, forawarding him a lot of polls of writers, critics and other admirers of the art of poetry. The title is known only in French-speaking countries. The award ceremony is conducted by members of the French Academy. The Frenchman, recognized in 1885 as the prince of poets, was a Frenchman by nationality and place of residence, he left behind masterpieces of poetic art that did not lose their significance even in our time. In the late 19th century, France and the world became known for the names of two masters of the poetic genre, unique word masters and innovators in literary art worthy of this high title. They were Charles Leconte de Lille and Paul Verlaine.
The future poet was born in a family of Frencha paramedic, in the small town of St. Paul, which at that time was the capital of Fr. Reunion, one of the many French colonies. Years of study in Brittany instilled a taste for classical French poetry, the legislator in which Pierre de Ronsard was considered. De Lille founded the Parnassus school, in which he proclaims the ideals of modern romanticism. Parnassians refused to praise the "boiling of the senses," their goal was to create a balance between sensations and reality, between the objective and subjective perception of the world.
During the life of the poet three collections of poems were published andtranslations of several ancient authors. By the end of the 19th century, Charles Lecomte was already known to all intelligent French readers. Victor Hugo was so impressed with his work that he asked to leave his place at the French Academy after his death. Soon this request was executed. The Frenchman, recognized in 1885 as the prince of the poets, is Charles Leconte de Lille.
Almost simultaneously with de Lille's creativity, the audience gets to know another poet who made up his name. The Frenchman, recognized in 1885 as the prince of poets during the lifetime of Leconte de Lille - Paul Verlaine.
Biography Verlaine can not be called simple andunderstandable. But, according to Anatole France's apt remark, the poets can not be approached with the same yardstick as the judicious people. Already in his youth, Verlaine is read by the poetry of Gautier and Banville, in 1866 his poems are published in the journal Contemporary Parnassus. The poems in the collection "Saturnic poetry", published by the poet at his own expense, already show the fans the original Verlaine style - melancholy and the ability to convey "soul music". Symbolism and impressionism in literature were discovered precisely by Verlaine, for which this Frenchman, recognized in 1885 as the prince of poets, received an honorary title even during the life of the former maestro. And after the death of Lecomte in 1894, this title was finally fixed for Verlaine.
Interesting collisions with the award of the title of Princepoets did not ignore the general public. On the one hand, the title was given for life, and to take it away from Lecomte in 1885 had no right. On the other hand, Verlaine's work was so large and meaningful that it was impossible not to mention it. Therefore, the answer to the question of what name the Frenchman, recognized in 1885 as prince of poets, can serve two variants, and both will be historically true - Paul Verlaine and Charles Leconte de Lille.