Any article (scientific, news,narrative) must meet certain requirements, otherwise it would be difficult to read it and it is not very interesting to read it. Therefore, authors would be useful to conduct an analysis of the article before its publication. Moreover, if the article does not come to the editor for verification, and, bypassing this stage, immediately goes to the reader.
Of course, objectively assess your own articleit is rather difficult (for this purpose, the position of editor in publishing houses was introduced). Experts advise, after writing to postpone it for a while, go back in a day or two (not before) and reread, check for errors: both grammatical, spelling, and stylistic.
However, a thorough analysis of the article (in trueunderstanding of this term) is an analysis of the article on the criteria: structural (entry, main, conclusion), integrity (unity of structural parts), relevance of the content to the stated subject and informative.
Each analysis involves writing a report on it, which will reflect the comments on each criterion, as well as conclusions about the manner of writing, the style of the author.
Structurality and integrity
The article should consist of three parts: entry, main body and conclusion. Each of them should be related to the previous one. And throughout the article the main thread is the red thread. In the introduction, the author declares about it, in the main part reveals, and in the end asserts. This article is really useful to the reader.
The value of the article is increased by bringingfacts, mention of different points of view of experts, due to the reduction of statistical data and the results of scientific research. All these information elements of the article will be reflected in the main part.
Compliance with the content of the stated topic
It would seem that the main idea of the article should betopic. But no. The topic is the subject or phenomenon, which is discussed in the article. And the main idea is a certain statement about the declared topic. The absence of the main idea in the article makes it meaningless, and although the article can be informative, narrative, it will not be interesting.
Having finished the analysis of the article on the main criteria, it is necessary to draw a general conclusion on the points:
- how open the topic is, have not been disclosedsome moments. Sometimes, by the way, as an artistic technique, the question disclosed in the article can be left undisclosed. But not in the case of a scientific article. Only with respect to narrative articles such a reception will play into the hands of the author.
- style of presentation of the author. In addition to indicating the style, the analysis of the article can be supplemented by enumeration of the used methods of presentation. They are also called means of expressiveness: comparison, personification, epithet, winged phrases, expressive vocabulary, rhetorical question. And also it is necessary to highlight the features of the author's language, its unique features.
This algorithm works for almost all cases, but there are some peculiarities in the analysis of the scientific article, articles from the newspaper.
Analysis of a scientific article
The difference in parsing is likely to be noticed at the time of writing the conclusions. Here you need to specify not only the style - the scientific one, but also its underlying (scientific-popular, scientific-educational, scientific-technical).
Analysis of the article from the newspaper
Analysis is complicated by the need to compare information with a reliable source. And also checking for relevance, objectivity.
The article allows you to understand your owndisadvantages, for example, notice the use of single-root words. Settled before the eyes of the article will help to finally make the changes that increase the value of the author, his professionalism. In the above example, the change will be a reference to the dictionary of antonyms and synonyms. The use of various words in the article, but the narrative that is the same in meaning, will increase the reader's interest. Also, the author will be able to improve himself in other points, revealed by analysis, moments; will allow to see the shortcomings of a particular article and correct them before publication.