Bylina "Ilya Muromets and Nightingale the Robber", analysiswhich is the subject of this review, tells about the times of Kievan Rus. The cycle of works about this hero was very popular among the Russian people, and is now included in the school program on literature. These works of oral folk art reflect the historical realities of Ancient Rus, so they are interesting not only from the artistic point of view, but also from the literary point of view.
One of the most famous songs about bogatyrsis the epic "Ilya of Murom and Nightingale the Robber". The analysis of this folk composition should include both the analysis of literary devices and the characterization of the historical context of the narrative. The legend begins with a description of the journey that the hero made to the capital city of Kiev. Defending the morning church service in Murom, he decided to catch up with the mass in the capital. His description fully corresponds to the language of folklore songs. Bogatyr is called a remote, mighty, glorious warrior. The next few lines are devoted to the places in which he acts. Students should concentrate on describing the surroundings of the city of Chernigov, where, according to an unknown author, there is a black force.
Compressed, but detailed characteristics of eventsThe epic "Ilya Muromets and Nightingale the Robber" is different. Analysis of the ancient song should include a detailed analysis of nature, which will allow students to better understand the situation in which the main event of the work occurred. The unknown author uses colorful hints, telling that no one walks on the path near the town and does not ride on a horse, and even animals and birds do not live here. These epithets, listed in song form, perfectly convey the gloomy atmosphere of the dense forest that the hero is passing through. Then follows one of the important moments in the work: this description of the battle of the hero with the enemy.
Bylina "Ilya Muromets and Nightingale the Robber", analysiswhich, following the composition of the song, should be divided into several semantic parts, emphasizes the military exploits of the hero. In the lines dedicated to the battle, the author repeats the word "force" several times, using it in different ways, wishing to express in the most expressive form the power of the enemy army, which the hero has beaten. In an effort to emphasize the feat of the character, he talks in detail about how the warrior destroyed the enemy, beating him, trampling him with a horse and kills with spears.
Analysis bylina "Ilya Muromets and Nightingale the Robber"it is necessary to continue careful analysis of the hero's behavior during a conversation with the Chernigovites, who, for his military feat, asked him to become their voivode. Here it is necessary to note the historical realities reflected in the song: the title of voevoda at the time was military, in its function was the duty of defending and defending the city against enemy attacks, sieges, the conduct of troops in battle or the organization of the people's militia. Therefore, such a request from the residents means recognition of his military merits and military valor. The analysis of the epic "Ilya of Murom and the Nightingale the Robber" should include the disclosure of the character of the hero through his speech, language. He speaks simple folk language, his words sound familiar to the reader's song epithets, which brings him closer to the simple peasants from the city of Chernigov. The second important moment in this scene is the straightforwardness and modesty of the hero. The warrior does not talk about his exploits, the danger that awaits him on his way to Kiev, he is only interested in the way to the capital, and he asks the interlocutors to explain to him the way.
Understand the features of folk Russian creativityallows the description of the bylina "Ilya Muromets and Nightingale the Robber". It reflected the historical thinking of Old Russian society, in particular, how people of that time imagined the enemies of their native land. Therefore, despite the fantastic and fantastic appearance and behavior of the villain, it undoubtedly discerns the collective image of the enemies with whom the ancient princes and their brave warriors fought over the borders of the young state. From the story of the inhabitants of Chernigov, the reader first gets an idea of what the future main opponent of the hero looks like. Characteristics of the epics "Ilya of Murom and Nightingale the Robber" will help students understand the features of the vision of the Russian people by the enemy: he whistles like a bird and growls like an animal, lives in an oak tree, and from his cries all nature literally shudders, and the roadway perishes.
The central place in the work is occupied by the stagebattles between the hero and villain. In this case, it is necessary to draw the attention of schoolchildren to the behavior of two wrestlers. An unknown author describes the slowness of the actions of the hero, who slowly took the bow, put an arrow in it, carefully aimed and knocked out the enemy's eyes. Thanks to this calm and measured narrative epic "Ilya Muromets and Nightingale the Robber" epic sounds epic. Characteristics of the heroes are fully revealed in this confrontation. And if the main character keeps calmly, confidently, firmly, then his opponent, on the contrary, acts dodgy, like an animal. No wonder he is endowed with animal traits: he whistles like a bird, screams like a wolf. This contrast emphasizes the attention of students to the courage of the hero and the brigand's savagery.
Then the epic narrates how relativesThe villain wanted to free him. It turned out that the Nightingale had daughters who ordered their husbands and sons-in-law to overtake the knight in the field. The author focuses attention on the huge number of enemy gatherings. Here it is necessary to point out to schoolchildren the fact that they did not even manage to try to take away the booty from the hero. Thus, as it were, epic stresses that it is useless to fight with him, and if he has won, no enemy force will be able to take over him.
The next important point in the work isdescription of the capital, where the hero came along with his terrible, but defeated prisoner. In this scene, the historical realities of the life of that time were reflected. Before the reader are pictures of urban life, princely chambers, mansions, a courtyard, retinue, a brave squad. One of the main places in this scene is Prince Vladimir Krasnoe Solnyshko, favorite hero of folk tales. It is to him in the palace that the hero comes and talks about his feat. The listeners are amazed at what has been said, and then Ilya Muromets leads them to the courtyard where his associated enemy is. He orders him to demonstrate his strength, and then the villain in the presence of the prince and his retinue again whistles and screams like an animal. Then the chief cuts off his head. Comparative analysis of the epic "Ilya Muromets and Nightingale the Robber" with other works about this athlete shows that the favorite national character in different ways described in the songs. He is called an old, glorious Cossack, a brave warrior or a simple villager. However, the main feature of the hero - the invincible strength and willingness to selflessly protect the Russian land from the enemy runs through the cycle of legends about him.