School is the enemy of hyperactive children, because thereneed to be attentive and focused. Without concentration and ability to bring to the end the performance of a hyperactive student will leave much to be desired.
Hyperactivity scourgeundergraduates. Their leading activity is changing from gaming to training, because of which the load on the brain increases many times.
Systematicity, duration, repetition - everything without which it is difficult to imagine learning does not fit in with a hyperactive child. What should parents do in this case?
How to understand if your child is hyperactive? Answer yes or no to 10 questions in our test:
If you have 8-10 “yes” answers, your child is prone to hyperactive behavior.
And you are not alone. According to statistics, among children aged 5 to 11 years hyperactive more than 25%, and boys suffer twice as often as girls.
Psychologist Elena Frolova says: “There are several reasons why the parents of boys than girls often complain about the hyperactivity of their children. The brain of the male fetus is more vulnerable to various pathologies of pregnancy and childbirth. The psyche of girls has better developed compensatory functions, and they are also more emotional and obedient. For example, it is easier for a girl to make a tantrum, and she already gets a discharge, and in this situation the boy starts to talk a lot, go crazy and run around the ceiling. ”
Excited, inconsiderate, restless and loud - such children attract the attention of a teacher who needs to be watched so that they sit quietly, complete tasks, do not interfere with classmates.
These schoolchildren in the lesson are constantly busy with their business, they are difficult to keep in place, make them listen to the task and, moreover, carry it out to the end. They don't hear the teachers, often lose something, forget.
Hyperactive children need to constantly move, and this goes against the school rules. Sitting at the desk 4-6 lessons in a row for 35-40 minutes for them is an impossible task. 15, a maximum of 20 minutes - and the child loses the thread, his attention is scattered, a change of activity is necessary.
A hyperactive child at school usually does not wait for the teacher to allow him to answer. He often begins to answer without hearing the question to the end, and often shouts from the spot. Often, because of their impulsiveness and emotionality, hyperactive children do not adapt well in the team, it is difficult for them to find a common language with classmates.
A hyperactive child always has a lot of mistakes, and when doing written work, he gets very tired. He usually reads worse than his peers, attention is violated, he does not accept adult advice.
The problem with the supply of new material. In an ordinary school, most often this happens verbally - the teacher tells, the children listen.For an hyper-active child, visual images and tactile sensations are necessary for understanding - to see and touch.
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Be patient. The problems of hyperactive children are not solved overnight by one person. This is a complex problem that requires attention and long work on the part of parents, doctors, teachers and psychologists. Visit different engineers, ask for a few opinions, look for alternatives, collect experience.
Forget the word "no". For a hyperactive child, there is nothing worse than the word "no." No, it is impossible, do not run, do not jump, do not walk, do not take, do not shout - how many more will he have to listen to? Do not formulate orders - voice sentences. And connect fiction. Your new quotes: “Let's walk like cats”, “Let's hear for a moment what silence tells us”, “Let's try to negotiate with the pen”. If the ban is vital, try to give it from the positive side, do not say “do not go through puddles”, suggest “get out on the asphalt”.
Find your scheme. In a family where a hyperactive child is raised, it is important to avoid extremes.There should be no permissiveness and indifference, but it is senseless to demand from such a child unquestioning obedience, observance of the rules and intimidation with punishing sanctions. Categorical, reproaches, straightening will not do him good. Develop your tactics, scheme, strategy, look for it through trial and error.
Search Zen.At school and at home, the child will benefit from the experience of mastering his emotions. Teach a little man self-control, step by step, show how you can smooth out the surging feelings. The best example is your own, so hold back your tempestuous affects, especially towards the child. Together, learn to switch attention, change direction and thoughts, learn breathing practices, go to martial arts.
Provide support. If you knew how much the words “I understand you” mean to a hyperactive child! He just needs the support of adults. He is already uncomfortable and restless inside, and here you are with your notations. Sincerely try to understand the child, support his attempts at self-control, praise for restraint and good behavior.
Hug.. Nobody needs hugs like hyperactive children. They may subside in your hands, break out or crawl on your knees, but they just need to feel physical contact with a loved one. Hug a child and calmly stroke him on the back, as if soothing. The more often you do this simple exercise, the better. Can you do a massage? Great, proceed without thinking, just remember, your goal is to relax the child.
Be brief.For an hyperactive child, tasks should be clearly defined, in short sentences, without long formulations. In your homework, highlight the most important words with bright markers, it will be easier to remember one word for the child.
Follow sequence. If you say “fill it in a notebook, wash your hands and come to have dinner”, it will be difficult for a hyperactive child to concentrate and keep three tasks in mind at once. Therefore, put the job in turn. Fulfilled one - we begin the following.
Remember the daily routine. Yes, a hyperactive child is difficult to adhere to some kind of framework. But to understand that after dinner he will need to do his homework, and after school - to assemble a briefcase - is necessary.No need to dwell on the minutes, it is important to respect the sequence of actions. The fact that the child will warn him in advance: "We are going to see the cartoon and go do our homework." Follow the deadlines - your task, do not shift it to the child. As an assistant, the calendar works perfectly, on which, besides the schedule of the day, you can mark some goals and plans for the week, month, year.
Remove distractions. Does the child do homework? Turn off the radio, TV, remove from the table all distracting objects. An hyperactive child needs to make inhuman efforts to concentrate. Help him in this - remove everything that can distract him. Even the color of the walls, furniture, textiles, clothing, choose a soothing, not annoying.
Hyperactivity most often passes to adolescence: signs of increased motor activity are reduced, changes in the psyche are smoothed out.
It is important that by this moment the child comes with faith in himself, positive emotions and without the burden of an inferiority complex.