Malaria. Symptoms, prevention and treatment

Malaria. Symptoms, prevention and treatment

Today, it has become very popularjourney. Everyone wants to visit the most interesting and mysterious countries. However, few people know that a trip can overshadow the acquired exotic disease. One of them is malaria. Symptoms of it are characterized by the appearance of anemia and even febrile seizures.

This mosquito is spread by certainThey live exclusively in Africa, South America and some Asian countries. In order for these insects to live and multiply, a very high ambient temperature is needed.

Types of malaria

To date, there are 4 types of malaria. They differ depending on the pathogen, which is plasmodia:

  1. There is a three-day malaria. Symptoms of it are not as evident as in other types of the disease. The causative agent in this case is Plasmodium vivax.
  2. There is an oval malaria. Plasmodium ovale is to blame for this disease.
  3. There are four more days of malaria. It is caused by the appearance in the blood of Plasmodium malariae.
  4. Finally, there is tropical malaria, the causative agent of which is Plasmodium falciparum.

Malaria. Symptoms

Malaria begins to manifest with mild ailments. Over time, signs of malaria are beginning to worsen. From a small headache and drowsiness, a real seizure is obtained. He appears on the 3rd or even 4th day of the disease. First, an infected person begins to beat a chill. The face becomes cold. This also happens with the limbs of the patient. The period of chills can last up to 3 hours. And then the heat begins, which lasts up to 24 hours. And the patient's condition only worsens.

During the heat, the temperature risesup to 41 degrees, severe headache, severe shortness of breath, even vomiting. In some cases, there is delirium. The attack ends with a drop in temperature and a very strong perspiration. After an attack of malaria, the patient feels weak. However, such a fever is constantly repeated. The length of intervals between attacks depends on the pathogen of malaria.

Three-day malaria is characterized by rareattacks that occur about a day later. It all starts with a sudden rise in temperature. Oval malaria goes a little easier. Attacks in this case show themselves in the evenings. Four-day malaria begins immediately with seizures, which can last 2 days in a row.

The most severe is tropical malaria. Symptoms of it are very diverse. This and diarrhea, and vomiting, and myalgia, and pain in different parts of the body, and sometimes develops jaundice.

Malaria. Complications

A large number of complications are observed fromtropical malaria. This is both a coma and a shock. Kidney failure may also occur in an acute form. It is not excluded pulmonary edema. All this has the potential to lead to death.

Treatment of malaria

When malaria is detected, the patient is treatedexclusively in the hospital. And all wards should be completely isolated from mosquitoes. First, the doctor prescribes the drug chloroquine or other analogues. It is with the help of this medicine that you can completely cure of tropical and four-day malaria. In other types of disease, only seizures are eliminated, thanks to chloroquine. Further it is necessary to conduct treatment, which prevents the occurrence of relapses.

Malaria. Prevention

It is very important to seek treatment in a timely mannermalaria. In this case, there will be a favorable end to the illness. If there are complications of tropical malaria, then even a lethal outcome is possible, especially among pregnant women and children.

Preventive maintenance of disease, first of all,aims to treat malaria vectors. Persons who go to warm regions, where the infection is actively raging, should carefully protect themselves from mosquito bites. In addition, a kind of preventive maintenance by chemical means will help. To do this, the preparation must be taken a few days before the shipment to another country, and then drink it all the time there.

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