April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin first brought outa spaceship into the orbit of the Earth. This event, significant for the 20th century, still stirs the minds of people around the world. Let's talk about the details of this flight, namely about what Gagarin flew into space.
April 12, 1961 at 9:06 am:57 from the Baikonur cosmodrome the first space ship with a man on board started. This vessel had excellent technical characteristics, and almost all actions went according to plan, not counting the short-term disconnection of communication with Yuri Gagarin. The manned spaceship Vostok made a planned landing in the town of Smelovka (Ternovsky District, now Engels District). The astronaut met the personnel of the technical command of space flight control and physicians who reported that the state of health of the first cosmonaut on Earth is normal.
"East-1" for its time was the besta ship intended for manned space flight in space along the Earth's orbit. According to numerous tests of the predecessors of this model of the ship, Vostok had the most balanced configuration of all modules and demonstrated the greatest stability of operation.
Particular fears caused the stage of start and exit fromatmosphere of the Earth, since many tests of past ships have failed, and sometimes terrible accidents have occurred. The stakes grew many times when there was a man on board. That is why the launch stage and its technical features have been thought over many times and brought to perfection. As a result, Soviet designers came to this configuration:
The history of the creation of the ship "Vostok" takes itsbeginning in 1957. Mikhail Klavdievich Tikhonravov became the engineer who was given the task to design an apparatus capable of delivering a person into space, to fly around several circles around the Earth and safely return the cosmonaut home.
Technical characteristics of the "East" were reflected in the report presented to the leadership of the space industry and the USSR. It included such indicators:
After the submission of the report, the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers prepared a resolution on the initiation of tests of the invention.
Before the historic flight, a wholea series of launches of experimental ship models. The "East", which raised Gagarin into space, there were many predecessors. Seven experimental vehicles were subjected to severe tests and flights before this important event. The general name of spaceships is Sputnik.
"Sputnik-7" and "Sputnik-5-1" were wrecked,the success of the idea of the possibility of sending a person into space. However, the courage of the first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin allowed to cross this barrier.
Interestingly, before it was clear on whatGagarin will fly into space, a lot of tests were conducted with the participation of animals, insects and plants. You probably know Squirrel and Arrow - two dogs, safely returned from space on the ship "Sputnik-5." It was these tests that allowed the designers to make sure of the reliability of the ships and to create a ship that ultimately brought Yuri Gagarin into space.