Self-damaging behavior (pathology)

Self-damaging behavior (pathology)

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There are many reasons why patients do self-harm. In each case, all sorts of motives force them to act. The basis is a different psychopathology, which requires a differential approach to treatment.

To assign the correct treatment, the doctor must understand not only the causes of self-harm, but also determine the nature of psychopathology. There are:

  • conscious self-harm in order to obtain benefits (simulation);
  • conscious self-harm in response to delusional beliefs;
  • self-damage as a result of obsessive actions, such as scooping, scratching, chafing;
  • conscious or unconscious self-harm to suppress psychological problems that are unaware of the patient;
  • unconscious damage done to another person in order to meet the psychological need will be the criminal (Munchausen`s syndrome by proxy - Munchausen`s disease by proxy).

The disability of a simulator is more a moral and ethical problem than a psychiatric one; The simulator is a sociopathic personality. Most common men are simulators of middle age. The goal, which is external, understandable and conscious, can be the achievement of material benefits or the avoidance of professional difficulties. To achieve its goals, the offender can create certain living conditions, forge medical records, mimic the symptoms of the disease, cause damage.

Pathology (from the Greek. Pathos - suffering, illness + mimsis - imitation, image) or Munchausen syndrome is characterized by overly dramatic, improbable complaints about imaginary somatic illness (skin, neurological, cardiological, etc.) and a tendency to self-harm to stage his symptoms. Disorders of this circle belong to the number of psychosomatic and therefore it is not by chance that they were first identified in general medicine. Thus, the Munchhausen syndrome is described by the English surgeon M. Asher in 1951. One of the particular variants of pathology is manifested mainly by self-harm, imitating diseases of the skin and its appendages.

Self-damaging skin diseases include:

  • dermatomania(irrepressible desire to damage the skin, its appendages, mucous membranes);
  • trichotillomania(obsessive pulling of hair);
  • onychophagia(biting nails);
  • cheilophagia(biting lips);
  • dermatotlasia(biting the skin within the nail bed).

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  • Self-damaging behavior (pathology)

    Self-damaging behavior (pathology)

    Self-damaging behavior (pathology)

    Self-damaging behavior (pathology)

    Self-damaging behavior (pathology)

    Self-damaging behavior (pathology)

    Self-damaging behavior (pathology)

    Self-damaging behavior (pathology)

    Self-damaging behavior (pathology)

    Self-damaging behavior (pathology)

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