The literary character Holmes is about 125 years old,its kinoprototypy amicably march in step with the times, demonstrating the irrepressible imagination of contemporary directors. The image of the famous detective has long been cut off from the literary source, and his adventures overgrew amateurish continuations. The British detective gradually turns into a real folklore hero.
Cinematographic demand for the duoHolmes and Watson is easy to explain by the skill of Conan Doyle, because the description of adventures has a decent genre spectrum: from a mystical detective to a thriller mixed with a love drama. Clever, charming, brilliant detective Holmes and his only real and faithful friend Watson, though slightly naive, sometimes silly, perfectly harmonize, forming a tandem for ages. And Sherlockiana continues to live her own life, generating more and more new stories, among which the most famous on the world scale are the British versions. What is not surprising: still the homeland of literary heroes.
The series of 1964-1968. produced by the UK "Sherlock Holmes" (the actor who played the role of detective - Douglas Wilmer, Watson - Nigel Stoke) was no longer the first film screen version of the novel by Doyle, broadcast on the BBC television channel. 12 episodes appear in black and white, in 1968, another 16 episodes were shot, but in color. Sherlock Holmes is played by Peter Cushing, who had experience of playing such a crucial role in 1959 in the full meter "The Dog of the Baskervilles", and Nigel Stoke invariably remains in the image of Watson. Although this screen version was very accurate, it turned out to be the most criticized.
The series 1984-1985 titled "AdventuresSherlock Holmes ": the main character - truly English Sherlock Holmes - actor Mr. Jeremy Brett. He managed to convey the highest tragedy of the hero - intellectual perfection. Brett played genius genuinely genius: rampaging, obsession and top-level poetry - everything is in his character.
A series of joint production of Great Britain andUSA Sherlock (2010 - ...) offered the viewer an alternative version of the events carried over to our days. The main roles in it were performed by Benedict Cumberbatch and Martin Freeman. The creators got a great show, in which the hilarious Cumberbatch is really delicious.
The series "Elementary" (2012 - ...) of the US production can be safely called at least another incarnation. The project turned out to be quite successful, a free treatment of the original idea did not spoil it. Sherlock Holmes - actor Johnny Lee Miller, but Watson from the light hand of the creators became a woman (actress Lucy Lew), however, Moriarty also - Natalie Dormer. This incident did not alienate the fans, the TV series has high ratings, and critics to it are more than supportive.
There is another domestic series in 2013 "SherlockHolmes. " Actor Igor Petrenko played a controversial image, according to the idea of the creators, a brilliant detective - a quick-tempered young man who does not respect the law and etiquette. His faithful companion Watson (Andrei Panin) became a rascal and began to dissolve his fists. Lestrade (Mikhail Boyarsky) turned into a real despot, and Mrs. Hudson (Ingeborga Dapkunaite) not only looked younger, but also became the object of romantic sighs of others.
After the listed experiments, filmmakers withthe heroes of Conan Doyle from full-length pictures of the exact correspondence of the original idea can not be expected. The most striking proof of this can serve as a film produced by the USA "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" (1939). The plot was based on William Gillet's play, which Sir Arthur Conan Doyle himself approved at the time. The events described in it are very far from the original narrative.
In 2009, the new Sherlock Holmes- a film whose actors embodied in something a parody re-interpretation of the classic Sherlockiana from Guy Ritchie. The director managed to preserve not only the intellectual intrigue, but also the dynamism of the narrative throughout the entire time-keeping of the picture, saturating the action with a fair amount of chaos, boxing fights and battle scenes. Guy Ritchie could not otherwise have been after the triumphant films "Rock-n-Roller" and "Cards, Money, Two Barrels". But all this does not spoil the narrative, on the contrary, it makes the history universally realistic.
Richevsky "Sherlock Holmes" - a film whose actorspassed during the casting all nine circles of hell. If the choice of the performer of the role of Sherlock did not arouse (for the role was immediately approved by Robert Downey, Jr.), more than 20 masters of the stage claimed to fulfill the role of his partner Watson, among which were Chris Pine, Gerard Butler and John Cusack. Initially, Colin Farrell wanted to offer the role, but the director preferred to see Watson in the performance of Judah Lowe.
If the first project of Guy Ritchie was dashing, then the secondthe film "Sherlock Holmes: The Game of Shadows" (actors: R. Downey Jr., D. Lowe, N. Rapas, D. Harris, P. Anderson) became quite riotous. The adventures of the brilliant detective and his faithful friend are becoming even more powerful, dynamic and funnier, giving the impression that the director has driven a colossal dose of adrenaline into the nobly dusty original literary material.
In the revolutionary reinterpretation of Richie Sherlock fromDowney Jr. - a real marginal and adventurer, playing not on the violin, but on the nerves of others. The following actors were considered for the role of Moriarty's antagonist: the charismatic Javier Bardem, the demonic Daniel Day-Lewis, the delectable Sean Penn, the unrivaled Brad Pitt and the mysterious Gary Oldman. As a result of a worthy opponent, Holmes on the screen embodied Jared Harris.
But in this crazy miracle worker from Guy Ritchie is not presentfeelings of dignity and nobility inherent in the domestic Holmes in the performance of Vasily Livanov. Director Igor Maslennikov gave the world a series of films "Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson." The actors who played in this franchise presented to the viewer the characters of the more old-fashioned, however elegant, thoughtful and self-ironic.