Creativity of the remarkable Russian poet SA. Yesenin (1895-1925) had a transitional and at the same time a very difficult era. The beginning of the 20th century was a time of active search for means of expressiveness in all spheres of art: in painting, music, theater and literature. Yesenin did not stay away from the new trends, carried away by imagism - a literary trend, which preferred not so much content as creating an image. However, very soon Sergei Alexandrovich showed himself as the author of original lyrics.
As a talented artist, Yesenin is alive and keenlyfelt the hard changes in the country, which was reflected in his works. And if in early verses he glorifies village Rus, admires the beauty of his native nature, then in later works under the influence of socio-political upheavals in the state bitterness sounds about what is happening, and at the same time an attempt is felt to realize and accept as far as possible a new life.
The poet understands the inevitability of social and spiritualchanges after the Bolsheviks came to power. He observes how the people around have changed, how the new generation loudly and powerfully declares their rights, how new values have appeared, how beloved village Rus is passing away, with such warmth that he sang in youthful poems.
The attitude of the poet to new realities can be tracedon the example of his little poem "Soviet Russia". The analysis of Esenin's poem should begin with a brief description of the author of the new Russia. His attitude towards the establishment of the Bolshevik system and the subsequent breakdown is extremely difficult and ambiguous. As an intelligent, thinking person, he understands that he has to put up with this coup, which most people took for granted. At the same time, he does not approve of what he sees: the destruction of the patriarchal way of life, the terrible war, the city's attack on the village.
All these feelings the poet expressed in 1924 inthe work "Soviet Russia". The analysis of Esenin's poem presupposes the singling out of the main ideas, which the author expressed in a poetic form in his work. The main idea of the work is longing and pain for the departed old good time. The hero returns to his native village and does not find a shelter. He wants to see familiar faces, talk at least with somebody in the shower, but does not see anyone with whom he could share his sadness over the departed Russia.
Analysis of the poem "Soviet Russia" followsto conduct in the framework of Esenin's work as a whole. Rural motives, rural landscapes - the main theme of his lyrics. In this work the author again returns to his favorite motives. At first he paints a sad picture of a deserted village. He does not find why he is at home, he does not meet native people - his picture is a picture of a new, fussy, ebullient life in which he no longer has a place.
And the hero tries to reconcile with this strangerreality. Analysis of the poem "Soviet Russia" emphasizes the latter circumstance: the poet's desire to somehow find himself in a new world, which speaks of the flexibility of his thinking. However, this is given to him not easily: bitterness sounds in almost every quatrain. Even the nature of the author draws sparse epithets and in rather dull tones. He no longer admires her beauty, because in the light of the changes that have taken place she does not find the strength to rejoice in the world around her.
Perhaps, in no one work motif of bitternessloss is not sounded so piercing, as in the poem "Soviet Russia". The analysis of Esenin's poem should be supplemented by the author's assessment of the new way of life of the villagers. The poet watches sadly the story of the Red Army man about the civil war, while listeners are amazed and admired by the stories about the exploits of Budyonny.
The poet sees that now the new generation is passionate aboutagithe-leaflets of D. Bedny, and not his verses, and he involuntarily bursts out a woeful exclamation of his uselessness in this world. But immediately the motif of reconciliation sounds: the author admits that at one time he did not in vain sang his native land, to which he devoted his life.
Composition "Soviet Russia": the analysis of Yesenin's poem "should be supplemented by a review of the theme of the hero's assessment of his poetic heritage. The author speaks of his readiness to accept the changes that have taken place, but he defends his creative freedom. He declares that he will not give his lira to anyone and will continue to compose on the basis of his own principles, not getting carried away by the new fashion and not obeying any changes.
In this respect, the author is close to Pushkin, and thisSimilarity should emphasize the analysis of the poem "Soviet Russia". Yesenin introduced the image of Alexander Sergeevich in his works, but even without direct reference, one can often see in the lyrics of both the general motives. The theme of independent creativity is one of the main in their poems.
Analysis of Yesenin's poem "Soviet Russia"briefly should show the significance of this work in the poet's cycle of poems about the Motherland. The author was very sensitive to his country. Therefore, despite all the changes, still found the strength to hope for a better future. He believes in the cessation of wars, the onset of peace, the return of joy and peace to his native village.
The hero expresses his readiness with renewed vigorpraise Russia, which devotes all his talent to the poet. This must necessarily show an analysis of the poem "Soviet Russia". Yesenin is studied according to plan in school in the eleventh grade, that is, when students can already comprehend and understand the hard way of this person during the years of Soviet power.