Sociophobia (from English - "fear of society") -one of the most common psychological disorders, lies in the agonizing fear of a person in front of a society. It is recognized as a disease of youth: most often it affects people from 15 to 30 years.
The discomfort experienced by social phobias can be of varying degrees of severity - from slight timidity to a large-scale phobia.
This mental illness is safe for the physicalhealth, but very much reduces the quality of life of an individual. A person experiences a range of unpleasant sensations when he is in crowded places, at public appearances, with increased attention to his person.
The first step to a harmonious and fulfilling life -it is overcoming social phobia. To implement this is very real, the most important thing is the desire and willingness to cope with difficulties. At first it will be difficult, because any personal growth is a change of established living attitudes towards new ones. But when the first results are achieved, the person wakes up self-esteem. This quality promotes the development of communication skills, inherent only in a strong personality.
We will consider the causes, manifestation and treatment of social phobiavarious methods.
In the 1960s, the first patients withblurred complaints about the fear of society. Symptoms in people were significantly different (from fear of publicly disgraced to the impossibility of being in public). But on the whole, they were united by one: they began with a large crowd of people. Then psychotherapists first became interested in social phobia. The treatment was conducted by the method of psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud.
Psychologists relied on his theory, according towhich childhood plays a crucial role in the formation of personality, and most phobias are laid at an early age. In the case of social phobia, the emotional closeness of the parent with the small child is of great importance.
The mother is obliged to give the child enough attention,talk to him, smile. Thanks to the manifestation of caring and affection, the child begins to subconsciously feel needed. With a lack of care, the kid feels unnecessary: he grows capricious and irritable. The child experiences great stress at an early visit to a nursery or kindergarten. He begins to emotionally miss his parents, there is a fear of the unknown, which causes social phobia in the future.
Treatment of social phobia directly depends on the reasons,which caused it in a particular individual. For example, if a person has a marked imbalance of neurotransmitters, then he is prescribed a treatment with pills. If difficulties in communication arise because of children's complexes, then sotsifobu shows cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy.
What are the causes of social phobia?
Most often, social phobia causes a combination offactors. On the disturbing character of a person, either stress, or resentment, or an existential crisis are superimposed. The psyche does not stand, and the next person replenishes the ranks of sociophobes.
Classical sociophobes can be seen from afar: these are slender young people wearing headphones that look younger than their years. They are characterized by an absent look and a strange appearance.
The first sociophobes, who openly declared themselves,were young Japanese. In the late twentieth century, they formed a movement hikikomori - young people who chose the path of voluntary seclusion. Their distinctive feature is the minimization of communication with the society. Lifestyle hikikomori liked a certain layer of Western youth. Soon this movement gained popularity in the West and in Russia.
However, the reluctance to be in society and fearsociety - is fundamentally different things. The first is a manifestation of nihilism, and the second is a serious phobia that causes real discomfort to a person. This socialophob suffers from the fact that it can not be among people: it is difficult for him to find an office job, he does not go to nightclubs and parties. At the same time, a person realizes that something is wrong with him. He wants to change the situation, but he can not.
A person with severe social phobia is seriously limited. Three spheres are affected:
Behavioral sphere suffers most seriously: a person refuses to visit interesting events, avoids crowded places, does not know how to speak in public.
The physiological component is manifested by vegetative symptoms:
Emotionally, social phobia is manifested as an irrational and panic fear of people. The person understands the head of the absurdity of the situation, but can not influence the situation.
The treatment of social phobia is done by psychoanalysts,clinical psychologists and psychotherapists. Do not go to a psychiatrist, because this doctor heals the mentally ill, not the neurotics. An illiterate psychiatrist will assign a serious drug to the social phobes, which will reduce anxiety, but they will not eliminate the cause of the problem. The ideal option is to find a competent psychotherapist who will help a person get to the bottom of the problem.
Reception at the doctor-psychotherapist begins with the patient's story about his problems. Next, the doctor will offer special tests:
Based on the results of tests and complaints of a person, a diagnosis is made and treatment is prescribed.
In the remarkable work of Robert Kiyosaki"Rich Dad, Poor Dad" describes situations where intelligent and educated people remained literally with nothing because of their indecisiveness and shyness. While the less educated, but more determined and arrogant individuals succeeded. The author shows that one should not allow situations in which fear suppresses the will. Because of it, your inner abilities and aspirations begin to fade away, and you stop attaining your goals.
The cause of a person's poor health in publicis social phobia. Treatment will be effective if you find a suitable method of treatment. To help her find a psychotherapist is called: for good reason he studied the books of famous predecessors and applied knowledge at seminars.
Social phobia can be treated in many ways. One of the most effective is the treatment of social phobia by cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy. There are other methods by which social phobia is corrected, treatment is carried out:
The treatment of social phobia by cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy occurs in the form of meetings of a person with a psychologist (sessions).
The specialist teaches the social phobia to recognize thoughts,causing increased anxiety. Surprisingly, it turns out that "bad thoughts" revolve around the same thing. Next, a person needs to analyze his thoughts and try to replace them with more rational ones. At the end of the sessions of psychotherapy, a person becomes himself a psychologist, he learns to reason logically and replace categorical settings with more flexible ones.
Signs that psychotherapy has a positive effect:
And, of course, pharmacotherapy can not be ruled out. Treatment of social phobia by drug methodconsists in prescribing to a person drugs that reduce the level of anxiety. To the person appoint:
The former are effective both in social phobia and inhigh level of anxiety. The latter relieve physical manifestations of anxiety - tremor, tachycardia, sweating. Many politicians and activists accept beta-blockers before a long public appearance.
But it is worth remembering: The pills treat the consequence, not the cause. They are addictive and have many unpleasant side effects. The real disposal of the problem is a serious personal growth, not a short-term effect from medical drugs that depress the nervous system. Therefore, resort to pharmacotherapy is the last resort.
Hypnosis - the second most effective method of treatmentsocial phobia. It consists in changing destructive beliefs of a person by immersing consciousness in a state of trance. The hypnotist concentrates the person on the necessary information and inspires it. After several hypnosis sessions a person has a panic fear of society, he is calm at the attention of society to his person.
But hypnosis has one nuance: not all people are affected. Also, this method is not universally acceptable: a person can trite not want someone to dig into his mind.
A great way to relax the body and removeindoor units. Meditation has been known since time immemorial: it is the basis of many spiritual practices (yoga). In the Old Testament, the Latin word meditatio is mentioned - to meditate, concentrate, and inhale.
Meditation is a spiritual exercise of meditationor internal conversation. There are different ways of meditation. To remove anxiety and soothe the mind, there is a technique called "meditation on breathing". She teaches correctly and breathes normally. In practice, a person calms down, reflects, learns to focus on positive emotions.
The meditating person is calm, he does not have anxiety. A positive attitude helps improve communication skills.
The complex of various social fears isconcept of social phobia. The strategy of competent treatment consists in replacing destructive categorical facilities with more flexible and adaptive ones. A great addition to working on your thoughts is breathing meditation: relaxing, removing inner blocks and giving a positive attitude.
All social phobes should be remembered: a rolling stone gathers no moss. It is necessary to search for that method of treatment that will help you. At first you will be wrong and move slowly. But gradually, step by step, you will gain invaluable experience and find something that will help return to a happy life.