Rivers have always played in the lives of people exceptionalrole. At the dawn of civilization they served as a source of food and drinking water, protected from enemy attacks. It is not surprising that on the banks of the great water arteries mushrooms after the rain grew cities in which history was created.
This river was known in the ancient world, becausethe first mention of it refers to the fifth century. The Greeks called it Borisfen, the Slavs Slavuta or Slavutich, the Latin name of the river sounds like Danapris. Probably, the modern name of the main river of the Slavs - the Dnieper, on whose banks Kyiv - the mother of Russian cities appeared - is also from here. There and now are the largest cities in the region, and in the past there were major events.
The source of the Dnieper, the river of Slavic friendship, is locatedon the territory of modern Russia. On the border of the Tver and Smolensk regions, about forty kilometers from the district center of Sychevka is a small Kelecke bog. Here there is a memorable sign, which says that it is here that the flow begins, which will turn into a powerful water artery that carries its waves through solid rock to the Black Sea. And the river itself flows through the territory of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia.
As we said before, the source of the Dnieperis located on the territory of Russia. The nearest village of Bocharovo is six miles distant from it. Previously, such was the village of Dudkino, which disappeared from the map in the eighties of the last century. But even in Bocharovo there are not any young people left, and there are no more than forty people living in the village itself. Buses here practically do not go - it is economically impractical. But near the place where the source of the Dnieper is located, a church is being built, and though occasionally, but still tourists come. This is not surprising, because the places sacred for all the Slavs are very picturesque. Dense forests abound in berries and mushrooms, and in the river itself is full of fish.
So, where are the origins of the Dnieper on the map, wealready found out. Now let's talk about what happened on the banks of the amazing river for the long history of mankind. People lived in these places already in the Stone Age, as evidenced by the numerous finds of archaeologists. Ancient fortifications scientists excavated just one and a half kilometers from the Keletsky swamp. By the ninth century, the famous and very important path "from the Varangians to the Greeks" was completely formed.
Most traces on the shores of Borysphenthe twentieth century, namely the Second World War. In the fall of 1941, the 119th Krasnoyarsk Infantry Division stubbornly defended the Dnieper's source. In the fierce battles, the majority of the division's soldiers perished, for the memory of which later grateful descendants erected a memorial plate and obelisk. In the village of Aksenino, which does not exist today, another monument was erected - to civilians who were burned by fascists at the turn of 1942-1943. One and a half kilometers from the beginning of the majestic river was the partisan camp. In the area of the source of Slavic pride, many anti-tank ditches, bunkers, bunkers, as well as mass graves of fallen soldiers survived.
The source of the Dnieper today is considered a monument of natureof regional importance. In the seventies of the twentieth century, pines and Siberian cedars were planted here, a cross and an index were installed. Since 2003, in this place it was decided to equip a complex zakaznik with an area of 32.3 thousand hectares, which includes Lavrovsky and Aksenov peatlands, Gavrilovskoe lake of glacial origin. With the blessing of Patriarch Kirill, the Slavic Fund of Vladimir the Great creates in these protected areas a spiritual and historical and cultural center. The church of St. Prince Vladimir the Great, the chapel and the house of the abbot have already been erected.
We wrote a lot about the Dnieper and its source. But one of the largest rivers in Europe has another attraction, which is worth mentioning. This is the mouth. Ancient Borysfen flows into the Dnieper estuary of the Black Sea. On the way to it, the river overcomes a serious natural barrier, forming rapids. This problem of navigation was solved only in the twentieth century, having built a cascade of dams. This DneproGES in Zaporozhye (1927-1932 gg.), Kakhovskaya HPP (1950-1956 gg.), Kremenchug (1954-1960 gg.), Kiev (1960-1964 gg.), Dneprodzerzhinsk (1956-1964 gg.), Kanevskaya HPP (1963-1975 gg.).
The delta of the Dnieper consists of a large numbersleeves and duct. In the marshes stretching for hundreds of kilometers, it is better not to go. In the mouth a lot of low and marshy islands are formed irregularly or roundly (so-called saucers). The land is deserted, as there are practically no forests. But the grass grows in abundance. This is both cattail and sedge, but most of all reeds, which form real thickets.