What is a convention

What is a convention?

In international law, there are many varieties of official documents. One of them is the convention. Let's take a closer look at what a convention is.

The Convention is ...

The Convention is a source of international law. More information about this concept you can find in the article of our site - What is the source of law.

More specifically, the convention isan international treaty that is drawn up on a specific issue. This document is recognized and signed by many countries. Thus, certain rules and agreements on the scale of several states are ensured.

Examples of Conventions

Depending on its content, the convention can be attributed to one or another sphere. For example, to the sphere:

  • political relations;
  • legal relations;
  • social and economic relations, and so on.

The most well-known conventions are: The Geneva Convention on International Humanitarian Law, the Convention on the Status of Refugees, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the European Convention on Human Rights.

But, perhaps more often than others in the mediathe Convention on the Rights of the Child. It was adopted on November 20, 1989. This legal document defines the rights of persons aged 0 to 18 years in those states that have signed this convention (today more than one hundred and fifty states, including the Russian Federation). The Convention consists of 54 articles.

A lot of other interesting definitions you can find in the special section of our site - Definitions.

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