Grandparents in one voice claim that their favorite grandson or granddaughter turned pale?Sometimes there are times when the older generation should be heeded. After all, pale complexion is one of the symptoms of anemia.
Anemia- This is a complex of symptoms. Externally, it is manifested by pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, but a blood test will show low hemoglobin.
The basis of hemoglobin is iron, whichable to combine with oxygenand bring it to every cell in the body. Also in the process of blood formation, copper and cobalt play an important role.
Babies are born with elevated hemoglobin levels, since they especially need oxygen during fetal development. Later hemoglobin level decreases. In children older than 1 year of age, the blood content of 1 mm 3 is 4.5–4.8 million red blood cells and at least 110 g / l of hemoglobin in children under 6 years of age.
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Causes of anemia in children
The main cause of anemia in babies isiron deficiencyin the body. Its deficiency leads to the fact that the need for iron in the bone marrow, liver and muscles remains unmet.
Violation of the uteroplacental circulation, prematurity, multiple pregnancy - all this can stillduring pregnancyaffect the development of anemia in the baby.
After birth, iron deficiency in the baby’s body can cause improper and unsuitable nutrition, early artificial feeding, late introduction of complementary foods, frequent illnesses of the child, rickets.
In addition, dysbacteriosis, malabsorption syndrome (disordered intestinal absorption syndrome), gastrointestinal diseases, food allergies, etc. can affect the absorption of iron.
Symptoms of anemia in children
The development of anemia passesseveral stages. First, the tissue reserves of iron are depleted, then the level of iron in the blood decreases.
There are a numbersigns of anemia:
Signs of iron deficiency anemia - weakness, malaise, dizziness, decreased performance, appetite.
What are the types of anemia
Most often (in 90% of cases) occurs in childreniron deficiencyanemia.
But there are several other types of anemia that adversely affect the health and development of the child.
White deficiencyanemia occurs due to a lack of protein in the serum.Vitamin deficiencyanemia occurs due to a lack of vitamin B12 or folic acid. Folic acid deficiency anemia is usually detected in the first year of life, and B12 — deficient - at the age of about 2 years.
If mom did a lot of emphasis on goat’s milk in the baby’s diet, thenanemia of Yaksha-Khayema. In cases of lead poisoning, treatment with isoniazid (with tubile infection) and sulfa drugs, in some chronic diseases, chromosomal disorders sideroblastic anemia may develop.
Anemia can be inherited, in which case it is calledthalassemia. It can manifest in children 2-8 years old, prone to congenital genetic abnormalities (daunism, developmental anomalies of the skull, teeth, etc.).
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Diagnosis and treatment of anemia in children
To diagnose anemia, examine the blood for hemoglobin and red blood cells. In addition, parents should be alerted by pink urine staining after eating beets, the so-called bituria. In healthy babies, the liver completely decoloures the beet dye with iron-containing enzymes.
With iron deficiency anemia, the doctor prescribesiron preparations. Also neededadjust the dietbaby
But do not forget that in severe cases of anemia, medication support is indispensable, and even switching to buckwheat and apples will not quickly return hemoglobin to the desired level.
Carrots, apples, pomegranates are not related to the treatment of anemia. One diet for the correction of strong anemia is not enough.
It is necessary to accept iron between meals, drinking fruit or vegetable juice.
Memo for parents
Prevention of anemia in children
For the prevention of anemia, it is necessary to undergo regular medical examinations, to pass tests in a timely manner.
The diet of the child should be varied, it should be a sufficient amount of protein, vitamins and minerals.
Be sure to include meat, cottage cheese, liver, cheese, beans, eggs and fish in the children's menu. Do not forget about fresh fruits and vegetables, pay special attention to apples and carrots.
remember, thatlow hemoglobin can be a symptom of any disease. That is why it is very important to consult a doctor in time and observe the changes in the child's condition.