What is myasthenia gravis

What is myasthenia gravis?

Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease of a person. The main manifestation of myasthenia gravis is increased fatigue. Most often this disease affects women from 20 to 40 years.

Let's talk about the causes of this disease.

Causes

There are two mechanisms for the development of myasthenia gravis:

  1. Autoimmune lesion of the thymus gland, while violating neuromuscular transmission.
  2. Biochemical shifts due to changes in the function of the hypothalamus.

The trigger factor can be viral or colds, severe stress, a violation of the body's immune functions.

Symptoms

The most important sign of this disease -weakness and fatigue of the skeleton. Later there is muscle weakness, a violation of their function. In the morning the patient feels well, but after a few hours myasthenia gravis symptoms increase.

There are three forms of this disease:

  • Eye. The first signs are the omission of the eyelid and the doubling in the eyes.
  • Bulbarnaya. With this form, the process of chewing and swallowing is disturbed, and speech changes.
  • Generalized. In this case, the patient is difficult to hold his head, there is drooling.

Treatment

The main drugs for this disease - kaliminand proserin. These drugs enrich the body with potassium. At their reception it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage, otherwise intoxication is possible. In severe myasthenia, cytostatics are used, as well as hormone therapy. In addition, in cases of crisis, artificial air ventilation, the introduction of immunoglobulins. Treatment is prescribed individually, depending on the form of the disease.

If you want to know about the medicine Panangin, read the article From what Panangin.

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